Population: 28,361,423 Number in Poverty: 3,865,010

Poverty Rate

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Gender & Age


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Overall

13.6%
Percentage of people who had incomes below the poverty line ($25,926 for a family of four) in 2019

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Children

18.9%
Percentage of children under 18 in related families who had incomes below the poverty line in 2019

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Working-Age Women

14.0%
Percentage of working-age women (ages 18-64) who had incomes below the poverty line in 2019

Working-Age Men

9.8%
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Race & Ethnicity


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African American

18.6%

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Asian American

9.2%

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Latino

18.7%

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Native American

15.1%

White

8.0%

Creating Good Jobs

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Income Inequality Ratio

15.7
The ratio of the share of income going to the top 20 percent of households and the share of income going to the bottom 20 percent of households in 2019
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Unemployment

3.5%
Percentage of all workers who were unemployed in 2019
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High School Graduation

90.0%
Percentage of public high school students who graduated on time of the 2017–18 school year
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Disconnected Youth

15.0%
Percentage of youth ages 18 to 24 without high school degrees who were not in school or working in 2018
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Higher Education Attainment

40.8%
Percentage of young adults ages 25 to 34 who had an associate’s degree or higher from 2019
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Gender Wage Gap

79.6¢
Women’s median earnings for every dollar of men’s median earnings among full-time, year-round workers in 2019

Strengthening Families and Communities

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Children Living Apart from Parents

4.0 kids
Number of children who lived in foster care for every 1,000 children under age 18 in 2018
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Teen Birth Rate

25.3 births
Number of births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 in 2018

Promoting Family Economic Security

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Hunger and Food Insecurity

13.1%
Percentage of households who were food insecure on average from 2017 to 2019, meaning that at some point during the year, they experienced difficulty providing enough food due to a lack of money or resources.
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Affordable Housing

49.0 units
Number of apartments or other units that were affordable and available for every 100 renter households with very low incomes in 2018. Very low-income households are those with incomes at or below half of median income in the metropolitan or other area where they live.
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Assets and Savings

9.3%
Percentage of households that used high-cost, high-risk forms of credit to make ends meet during 2017. This includes payday loans, automobile title loans, refund anticipation loans, rent-to-own, and pawning.
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Unemployment Insurance

24.1%
Percentage of unemployed workers who received unemployment insurance in 2019
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Health Insurance Coverage

33.7%
Percentage of people under age 65 and below 138 percent of the poverty line who did not have health insurance at any time in 2019